John de Fuca’s Strait – Puget Sound Map 1797

Now we know what the Strait of Juan de Fuca could have been called. Or at least it could have been so, according to cartographer John Lodge, who engraved this map in 1797. Created to show the discoveries of Captain James Cook throughout the Pacific Ocean, the map also contains a few intriguing features in the Pacific Northwest.

The most obvious is one of the more original names for the long waterway that separates the future British Columbia from the future Washington State. I also like the spelling of Mt. Olimpius and Shoal Water, for what became Shoalwater and later Gray’s Harbor. And, despite the map coming out five years after George Vancouver named Puget’s Sound, it does not appear on the map. But then again, Mr. Lodge was highlighting Captain Cook’s discoveries. Curiously though Cook did not think that there was what he called the “pretended Strait of Juan de Fuca.”

Origin of this image of the map. Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps, Inc.

John Lodge's Map of Captain Cook's "Discoveries" 1797
John Lodge’s Map of Captain Cook’s “Discoveries” 1797
Title of Map
Title of Map


The Straits of Anian

In my previous post, I mentioned how Apostolos Valerianos sailed north to about 47 degrees latitude. His goal at the time was a shortcut between Asia and North America, which mapmakers had started to place on maps in the middle 1500s. Known as the Straits of Anian, it would cut off thousands of miles of sailing by allowing ships to travel directly across North America instead of south around South America.

During his conversation with Lok, Valerianos said that he had taken his ships into the Straits and sailed for more than twenty days, finding a land rich in gold, silver, and pearls. He then returned to Mexico, where he had started, where he reported he had “done the thing which he as sent to doe.”

Antonio Zatta, 1776, L’America

Coincidentally, I was at Seattle Pacific University yesterday in the Ames Library and came across a map from 1770. It was created by Venetian cartographer Antonio Zatta. As you can see, there is no Puget Sound nor even a Strait of Juan de Fuca. Instead Zatta depicts the Strait of Anian, which providentially connects via a river and a small lake north to a much larger lake that in turn allows one to continue east to another body of water and finally out it to Hudson’s Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. And if that wasn’t good enough, note the Bella Riviera, which stretches across almost the entire continent. If only the landscape conformed to the imaginations of cartographers.